Croatia is situated in the south part of Central Europe. With its geographic position it is categorized as Central European and Mediterranean country.
Croatia is divided into three large geographic regions:
- Mediterranean region consists of islands and seaside land. The coast of Croatia is the most developed coast in the Europe with more than thousand islands and rocks. The climate in this region is mediterranean with warm and dry summers and mild and wet winters.
- Mountain region has the lowest population in Croatia. That region is very rocky with a fresh mountain climate.
- Continental region is the largest and the most populated area. It's agriculturally the most important part of Croatia. The climate there is continental.
Total state area: 4.437.460; national structure: Croatians; national minorities: Serbs, Slovenians, Hungarian, Bosnians, Italians, Czeches etc.
Political system: parliamentary multiparty Republic.
Capital: Zagreb (779.145 inhabitants) economical, cultural and academical center of the land.
Coastline length: 5835km, from that 4058 km length of islands.
Number of islands and rocks: the largest islands are Krk and Cres; number of inhabited islands is 50.
Highest point: Dinara 1831 m
Currency: 1 kuna (kn) = 100 lp
Kvarner is divided into three areas Gorski kotar, Primorje and the island area. It covers the surface of 3.582 km2 or 6.3% of territory of the Republic of Croatia.
Gorski kotar with moderate continental or mountain climate, many forest and water resources is an area that distinguishes itself with the quality of air and water, and it is rich with flora and fauna. The area isn't very developed and populated.
Primorje has a Mediterranean climate with mild and rainy winters. It stretches out from Rijeka to Vinodol channel between Ucka (1396) on the west and the mountains of Gorski kotar on the north and northeast, on the southeast stretches out the fertile area of Vinodol.
Island area has a Mediterranean climate. It consists of two series of kvarner islands: west with Cres and Losinj and several smaller islands; east with Krk and Rab and a few smaller islands that aren't inhabited. The biggest islands are Krk and Cres each of them with a surface of 406 m2.
Kvarner is an area that because of the diversity of climate and vegetation, connection of the seaside, islands and mountains, architecture and culture and the closeness of European regions, during three centuries, has been developing tourism for 160 years.
Surface of Kvarner: 3582km2 (6.3% of the territory of Croatia)
Population: 323.130 (6.8% of the inhabitants of Croatia)
Highest point: Risnjak 1.528 m